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Hernias

​A hernia is a lump that sticks out through a weakness. This can happen anywhere in the body but the hernias I deal with are associated with the abdomen and groin.


It is important to get hernias assessed as they can get strangulated or obstructed. This is when the contents of the hernia become really hard and painful because the blood supply to the contents is compromised.  If you have a strangulated or obstructed hernia you will need to attend the hospital as an emergency and will likely that you will need emergency surgery.  The risks of emergency surgery are far greater and you may end up with part of your bowel being resected.


In general if you have surgery – the advi​ce for all these types of surgery is the same:


  • You are allowed to walk and do gentle activity for the day of the operation.
  • Generally speaking, you will need at least 2 weeks off work – more if you have on going pain or if you do a particularly active or physically demanding job.
  • Avoid heavy lifting and contact sports for at least 6 weeks.
  • Driving is not advised for 2 weeks. You will need to get in to the car and practice doing an emergency stop. If you can do it with out feeling any pain –you are probably ready to start driving. You will need to let your insurance company know and they will need to be happy for you to drive. Rules do vary between insurance companies and it is important to check with your particular insurance company.

Abdominal Hernias

Umbilical/paraumbilical hernias

The most common hernia on the abdominal wall is one through a weakness through or near the belly button or umbilicus. These are relatively simple to fix with an operation. You will need a general anaesthetic. Usually a small cut or incision is made over the hernia. The hernia is pushed back and the weakness is sewn up. The weakness may be reinforced with some netting known as a mesh.

The procedure is usually done as a daycase and you are home the same day.

Epigastric hernia

These hernias are very similar to umbilical hernias and are treated in the same way. They tend to be located above and some distance from the belly button and below your breast bone.

These are relatively simple to fix with an operation. You will need a general anaesthetic. Usually a small cut or incision is made over the hernia. The hernia is pushed back and the weakness is sewn up. The weakness may be reinforced with some netting known as a mesh.

The procedure is usually done as a day case and you are home the same day.

Spigellian hernia

This is another kind of abdominal hernia which is actually quite uncommon.

The weakness is usually on the side of your abdomen.

This type of hernia can be treated by key hole or open surgery.

I will discuss the best treatment for you in clinic.

Incisional hernia

This is where there is a weakness in your abdominal wall from previous surgery. These can sometimes be very large and do vary considerably in how severe they are.


Again key hole or open surgery may be appropriate dependant upon your particular situation.


With these complex hernias additional information may be needed before surgery and we may need to do a CT scan.

​Groin hernias

Inguinal hernia

T​his is a hernia through a weakness in the groin. It can happen in either groin and it is reasonably common to have hernias in both groins.

This type of hernia can be operated by key hole means and also by traditional “open” surgery. I offer both and whilst I tend to operate mostly by key hole means we will discuss the best option for you. 

Repair involves pushing the hernia back and re-enforcing the area with netting or a mesh.

The advantage of key hole surgery is that you will often have less pain and will usually be able to return to normal activities of daily living quicker.

I will discuss the details of the operation and which is best for you in clinic.

​Animation showing an open inguinal hernia repair

​Animation showing keyhole inguinal hernia repair

Femoral hernia

This is a different type of groin hernia and is usually located slightly lower in the groin.  It is more common in ladies.  Like inguinal hernias these can also be operated on by key hole and open surgery. We will discuss what is best for you as an individual.

What should you look out for if you have a hernia?

Hernias are common and unless they are causing pain many NHS Trusts do not fund surgery.

Important things to look out for:

  • Is it getting bigger – the bigger the hernia the more difficult it is to operate. If the hernia is visibly getting bigger it is wise not to delay surgery.
  • Is it painful?
  • Has it stopped going back inside? This is a sign that it may be at risk of obstruction or strangulation and it would be wise not to delay surgery.
  • Is it stopping you doing things? Several of my patients (keen sportsman, dancers, walkers and gardeners) with hernias were restricting their activities because of their hernia. Many were back to normal activities only a few weeks after surgery – particularly if they had keyhole surgery.

Case study: A patient with an inguinal  hernia

Mr H is a keen gardener and dancer. He has been dancing for 75 years since he was 12! He had noticed a lump in his groin for several months and ignored it. He decided to see Mr Peravali as it started to become more painful particularly after dancing.  Mr Peravali diagnosed an inguinal hernia and recommended a key hole repair so Mr H could get back to dancing as soon as possible.


Mr H had an uneventful operation and was discharged home the same day. He was dancing again within a few weeks.

Case study: A patient with an abdominal wall  hernia

Mrs EF had been seen in her local NHS hospital with a large hernia in her abdominal wall. She had been told that she needed an operation and would be put on the waiting list. She was told the waiting time may be as long as 10 months as she was not a “priority”. She was understandably upset by this and made an appointment to see Mr Peravali. Mr Peravali saw her in clinic within 48 hours and operated 10 days later. She made an excellent recovery and is very happy with the result.

​Some videos about hernia surgery

What is a hernia?

​What exactly is a hernia?

What happens during hernia surgery?

​What happens during hernia surgery?

What does hernia repair involve?

​What happens during hernia surgery?

After hernia surgery

​What should and shouldn't I do following hernia surgery?

Time off work after hernia surgery

​Will I need time off work after my hernia repair?

Driving after your hernia repair

​When will I be able to drive after my hernia repair?


What Patients Say

“I cannot fault the care I received”

I would like to take this opportunity to thank you and your team for the care and kindness you showed me before during and after my prolapse operation.  I cannot fault the care I received and I hope you carry on providing this high level of care to your patients.

Mrs. F.A.

“I have no hesitation in recommending your skills to other people”

You carried out an operation for my abdominal hernias at Spire Little Aston Hospital.

I wish to express my thanks to you and your staff for the high standard of clinical and patient care I received. The pain and discomfort from the hernias have gone and I now feel so much better after the operation.

Thank you so much and I have no hesitation in recommending your skills to other people with similar problems.

Mr. B.B.

“The care I received was first class”

Just a short note to thank you and your team for the treatment and care you gave me during and after my cancer operation.

After first meeting you,  both my wife and myself had total confidence in you. What really impressed us was the aftercare you and your team provided.

The care I received was first class and I witnessed first-hand how dedicated you and your team are to your patients.

Mr. L.D. & Mrs. T.D.

“We really appreciated your honest and comforting approach”

I would like to say a big thank you to you for my mom’s treatment. We really appreciated your honest and comforting approach and support – sometimes with not good news but always with a smile, a plan and complete reassurance that in your hands my mom would be ok.

We particularly welcomed your well needed lightness and laughter.  On the day of the surgery you took time to talk to my mom as well as myself and my sister which really helped us all. My mom has made a fantastic recovery and is better than ever – thank you once again and we will be for ever indebted to you.

Mrs. M.K.

“Excellent outcome”

We are writing to say how pleased we are with Dr Rajeev Peravali who saved my mum’s life in March when she was admitted to Hospital with severe abdominal pain. She had an ileostomy at the time. He subsequently reversed her ileostomy and has had an excellent outcome once again thanks to Dr Peravali.

Mrs. A.S. & family

“Helped me a great deal”

I would like to take this opportunity to thank you and your team for the surgery you performed to remove a cancer from my colon.

I would also like to thank you for the time and information you gave me throughout and after the procedure, I found that helped me a great deal.

Mr. R.U.

“The work you do is outstanding”

I would like to say a huge thank you to you and your team for the specialist care you gave throughout my operation. The work you do is outstanding and I will be forever grateful for what you have done for me.

Mr. D.W.

“I will never be able to thank you enough”

I am writing to express my gratitude for the treatment I received at your hands. Everyone was so wonderful. The day I was admitted to hospital was one of the toughest times in my life. The personal attention and kindness shown by you, coupled by the caring attitude of the hospital staff helped me overcome my fears about surgery.

I want you to know that you are doing a wonderful job and I will never be able to thank you enough. The support and advice I received from you before undergoing the surgery was crucial in my speedy recovery. I will recommend you not just as a doctor but also as a great human being who is a good listener with lots of patience with a caring attitude.

Mr. I. W.


Contact Us

BMI The Edgbaston Hospital

22 Somerset Rd

West Midlands

Birmingham B15 2QQ

(0121) 446 1684

Spire Little Aston Hospital

Little Aston Hall Drive

The Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield

Birmingham ​B74 3UP

(0121) 580 7302